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Parvalbumin interneurons mediate neuronal circuitry–neurogenesis coupling in the adult hippocampus (Yosuke Niibori)

AUTHORS: Juan Song, Jiaqi Sun, Jonathan Moss, Zhexing Wen, Gerald J Sun, Derek Hsu, Chun Zhong, Heydar Davoudi, Kimberly M Christian, Nicolas Toni, Guo-li Ming & Hongjun Song

ABSTRACT: Using immunohistology, electron microscopy, electrophysiology and optogenetics, we found that proliferating adult mouse hippocampal neural precursors received immature GABAergic synaptic inputs from parvalbumin-expressing interneurons. Recently shown to suppress adult quiescent neural stem cell activation, parvalbumin interneuron activation promoted newborn neuronal progeny survival and development. Our results suggest a niche mechanism involving parvalbumin interneurons that couples local circuit activity to the diametric regulation of two critical early phases of adult hippocampal neurogenesis.